on Just Publishing Advice:
You are probably asking, what is a dangling modifier?
Of all the grammatical terms, this one is my favourite. It is just plain funny.
Dangling conjures up the vision of someone hanging from a tall building by a long rope tied around one ankle and swinging uneasily from side to side.
But in a grammatical sense, it implies that certain words or phrases in a sentence are in the wrong place.
A modifier is a word or a participial phrase that is intended to modify a noun or a verb. In other words, to add a description to something or someone or an action.
However, it is very common for the modifying word or phrase to be in the wrong place, which causes confusion for a reader.
There are two main types of errors that occur that cause uncertainty about what a word or phrase is supposed to modify.