Dun Writin’—Now Whut? A series by Susan Uttendorfsky – Owner of Adirondack Editing – (14 Homonyms, Homographs, and Homophones)

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Homonyms, Homographs, and Homophones

I had a lot of fun researching today’s post. (Yes, I’m an über-geek, but let’s just keep this to ourselves, shall we?) You may be wondering what these words are (and how in the world they pertain to writing), but you’ll be surprised once I define them. I’m sure you know exactly what they are; you just don’t know the official words for them. And we’re only interested in one when it comes to writing and editing.

Homonyms are words with the same spelling and the same pronunciation, but they have different meanings:

  • bear (animal) and bear (tolerate)

  • rose (flower) and rose (past tense of “rise”)

  • spruce up a room and a spruce tree

See? You knew that, right? Let’s go on.

Homographs are words with the same spelling, but different pronunciation and different meanings:

  • desert (to abandon) and desert (an area of land)

  • a bass fish, a bass instrument

  • I wind the clock, the wind blew

You knew them, too! What a smarty you are. Now we’re getting to the one we have to watch out for in writing and editing.

Homophones are words with different spellings but the same pronunciation and different meanings. Some you’re probably very familiar with:

  • bear and bare

  • due and do

  • they’re, their, and there

  • threw and through

  • to, two, and too

  • waist and waste

  • waive and wave

  • whose and who’s

Spell check and other grammar programs will not catch homophones, because the wrong word used in context is actually a proper word. For these errors, you need a real, live human being who can understand the context of your words and pick out when you’ve used the wrong one. Either a copy editor, a beta reader, or a helpful reading friend can be useful in finding these. Some others, which can be very tricky and hard to spot, are as follows (the asterisked ones I see frequently):

  • break and brake*

  • chow and ciao*

  • firs and furs*

  • fore, four, and for*

  • led and lead*

  • leech and leach*

  • peak, peek, and pique*

  • poor, pour, and pore*

  • racked and wracked*

  • road, rode, and rowed*

  • weak and week*

  • wreak and reek*

  • yolk and yoke*

  • your, you’re, and yore*

  • aisle, I’ll, and isle

  • bore, boor, and boar

  • carat, caret, carrot, and karat

  • creak and creek

  • flower and flour

  • forward and foreword (not in most British accents)

  • libel and liable

  • our, hour, and are

  • plain and plane

  • racket, raquette, and rackett

  • sun and son

  • wade and weighed

  • wait and weight

  • wale, wail, and whale

  • which and witch

Most homonyms occur in pairs, as you can see in the lists above. Some are triples and are called “multinyms.” A list of them can be found here (if your geeky curiosity equals mine):  http://people.sc.fsu.edu/~jburkardt/fun/wordplay/multinyms.html.

Wikipedia says that in English, there are approximately 88 triples; 24 quadruples; two quintuples; one sextet and one septet. The septet is:

  • Raise, rays, rase, raze, rehs, réis, res

Other than the three common words (raise, rays, and raze), there are:

  • rase – a verb meaning “to erase”;

  • rehs – the plural of reh, a mixture of sodium salts found as an efflorescence in India;

  • réis – the plural of real, a currency unit of Portugal and Brazil; and

  • res – the plural of re, a name for one step of the musical scale.

We’re Dun for today, so keep on Writin’!

Susan

Susan Uttendorfsky

Owner, Adirondack Editing

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36 thoughts on “Dun Writin’—Now Whut? A series by Susan Uttendorfsky – Owner of Adirondack Editing – (14 Homonyms, Homographs, and Homophones)

  1. Reblogged this on Pukah Works and commented:
    Susan, we’ve managed to have wonderful coordination again. This installment for self editing, and my need for what you said.

    I do not know how many times my editor has had some not-so-nice things to say to me over the 200k words I’ve dropped in their lap because I have trouble remembering to look up the meaning of “course” and “coarse” or even “led” and “lead”.

    Thank you for posting, and will definitely be doing my best to take this one to heart along with all of your other advice.

    Chris, thanks for hosting.

    Anyone else have interesting homonyms/homophones/homographs?

    Liked by 2 people

  2. Lovely article. You missed a triple that I tend to find in fantasy writers. Rains, reins, and reigns. I have seen a lots of wet Kings and Queen in harness! But for your benefit do you know the tongue twister. I wonder whether the weather will be wet on Wednesday week. When I wend my way way to West Wickham with my prize wether!

    Liked by 1 person

  3. I think I missed your last post, as I’m sure I read #12, but not 13. Anyway, each time I repeat myself by saying that these Dun writin posts are informative, and good to keep us intact when writing.

    Like

  4. Love this post! I am curious why you think so many people switch around Lose and Loose? I even see professional weight reduction clinics advertise, “Loose all the weight you want!” At least they don’t say “wait” as well! Thanks again!

    Like

  5. Reblogged this on Kid Lit Reviews and commented:
    This is a thoughtful post I want to share with everyone. The Story Reading Ape carries many of these types of posts and is worth the time to following.

    Yes, I know he is a brutish ape, they are were–apes, that is–but at least read this post on editing Homonyms, Homographs, and Homophones. You will see that some apes can write, read, *and* eat bananas — sometimes at the same time!

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  6. That was interesting! I’ve never heard of homographs or homophones before, although of course I knew what they actually are. We’re just not taught our grammar in that way. My 10 yr old son yesterday for his homework had to sort a list of words into verbs, nouns and adverbs…I must admit, there were one or two which made me think, and I consider myself a writer, lol!

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  7. Susan, I think the worst offender in terms of being common in even “official” types of writing (e.g. newspapers) is using “lead” as a past-tense of “To Lead.” The proper word of course is “led” and I am constantly amazed at how often I see the other word used because of the spelling/pronunciation of the chemical element Lead.

    -MJM
    P.S. are you going to share the sex, the quints, and a few of the quads with us.? Especially the sex! ::ducking::

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    • 😛 Yes, I see lead for led fairly often, too! 🙂 It’s especially confusing because read (the past tense of “read”) is pronounced similarly to led but spelled with the A. Ahh, the English language; don’t you love it?

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